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08/04/2019

A new study confirms that organic farming protects the climate

A single long-term test over 40 years has proved: Organically managed soils emit less greenhouse gases - per hectare and per ton of yield.

In 1978, the Research Institute for Organic Agriculture (FiBL) has started a comparison of crops. Since then, the biodynamic (D), organic-biological (O) and conventional (K) cultivation of arable crops such as  potatoes, maize, soya , wheat and clover grass has been compared on adjacent plots. The DOK trial regularly provides data with which the various cultivation systems can be compared realistically.

Significantly fewer greenhouse gases per hectare, great achievement

With the latest series of measurements, employees of FiBL and the University of Giessen recorded the nitrous oxide emissions of the individual plots over a period of two years. Comparing two organic farming systems – biodynamic (BIODYN) and bioorganic (BIOORG) – with two non-organic systems – solely mineral fertilisation (CONMIN) and mixed farming including farmyard manure (CONFYM) – all reflecting Swiss farming practices–together with an unfertilised control (NOFERT). It has been observed a 40.2% reduction of N2O emissions per hectare for organic compared to non-organic systems. Laughing gas (nitrous oxide, N2O) is an extremely climate-damaging gas that can be released during fertilisation with nitrogen.

The result of the study: Long-term organically farmed arable soils emit 40% less greenhouse gases per hectare than conventionally farmed soils. This value is also lower per tonne of yield or - in the case of maize cultivation - the same.
 

Source: http://organic-market.info/news-in-brief-and-reports-article/new-study-organic-farming-protects-the-climate.html

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